global surface 2008


NOAA Global Surface Temperature (NOAAGlobalTemp)

The NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp) is a merged land–ocean surface temperature analysis (formerly known as MLOST) (link is external). It is a spatially gridded (5° × 5°) global surface temperature dataset, with monthly resolution from January 1880 to present.

Pubs.GISS: Lean and Rind 2008: How natural and ...

Oct 31, 2018· RIS Citation TY - JOUR ID - le08200o AU - Lean, J. L. AU - Rind, D. H. PY - 2008 TI - How natural and anthropogenic influences alter global and regional surface …

Global Climate Report - Annual 2008 | State of the Climate ...

The map, above left, is created using data from the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN), a network of more than 7,000 land surface observing stations. The map, above right, is a product of a merged land surface and sea surface temperature anomaly analysis developed by Smith and Reynolds (2005). Temperature anomalies with respect to the ...

How natural and anthropogenic influences alter global and ...

Sep 16, 2008· 2. Datasets [5] Shown in Figure 1 is the long‐term instrumental record of monthly mean global (land plus ocean) surface temperature anomalies since 1889, constructed by the University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit (CRU) [Brohan et al., 2006].Monthly fluctuations in ENSO, volcanic aerosols, solar irradiance and anthropogenic influences are shown in Figure 2.

Global Temperature Trends Since 2500 B.C.

Mar 10, 2018· Global Temperature Trends From 2500 B.C. To 2040 A.D. By Climatologist Cliff Harris and Meteorologist Randy Mann Article and Chart Updated: March 10, 2018 Until late 2006, global temperatures were more than a degree Fahrenheit warmer when compared to the 20th Century average.

Global Surface Wave Tomography Using Seismic Hum | Science

The development of global surface wave tomography using earthquakes has been crucial to exploration of the dynamic status of Earth's deep. It is naturally believed that only large earthquakes can generate long-period seismic waves that penetrate deep enough into Earth for such exploration. The discovery of seismic hum, Earth's background free oscillations, which are randomly generated by ...

2008 Global Surface Temperature in GISS Analysis

Jan 13, 2009· 2008 Global Surface Temperature in GISS Analysis James Hansen, Makiko Sato, Reto Ruedy, Ken Lo Calendar year 2008 was the coolest year since 2000, according to the Goddard Institute for Space Studies analysis [Reference 1] of surface air temperature measurements (Figure 1, left). In our

Global Surface Temperature | NASA Global Climate Change

An example of a temperature anomaly is how much warmer or colder than the long-term average a unit of time something is (like how much warmer than average the most recent year was globally). The time series below shows the five-year average variation of global surface temperatures. Dark blue ...

publication-dai - CGD

Tian, X., Z. Xie, and A. Dai, 2008: A land surface soil moisture data assimilation system based on the dual-UKF method and the Community Land Model. J. Geophys .

Current Operational SST Anomaly Charts - OSPO

Click on the map to go to your region of interest. Notice: CRW's twice-weekly 50 km products will update around 2 pm on Mondays and Thursdays (U.S. Eastern Time) starting from 1 February 2016, using a new 50 km SST analysis (view details). For information about these images, go to the methodology webpage.

Global Climate Report - November 2008 | State of the ...

Nov 18, 2019· Global Highlights: Based on preliminary data, the globally-averaged combined land and sea surface temperature was the fourth warmest on record for November, fifth warmest for boreal fall (September-November) and ninth warmest January-November year-to-date period.; September-November 2008 temperatures were above average in Asia, the western and north-central contiguous …

Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global ...

Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global surface temperature variations over the past two millennia Michael E. Mann*†, Zhihua Zhang*, Malcolm K. Hughes‡, Raymond S. Bradley§, Sonya K. Miller*, Scott Rutherford¶, and Fenbiao Ni‡ *Department of Meteorology and Earth and Environmental Systems Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802; …

Global Land Temperature Warmest On Record In March 2008 ...

Apr 19, 2008· The average global land temperature in March of 2008 was the warmest on record and ocean surface temperatures were the 13th warmest. Combining the land and the …

Climate Change: Global Sea Level | NOAA Climate.gov

Nov 19, 2019· In 2012, at the request of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, NOAA scientists conducted a review of the research on global sea level rise projections. Their experts concluded that even with lowest possible greenhouse gas emission pathways, global mean sea level would rise at least 8 inches (0.2 meters) above 1992 levels by 2100.

Stirring in the global surface ocean

D. W., and E. R. Abraham (2008), Stirring in the global surface ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20605, doi:10.1029/ 2008GL035526. 1. Introduction [2] Quantifying horizontal dispersal and mixing in the ocean surface is important for understanding a wide range of problems, including understanding the spatial distribution

2008 Global Surface Temperature in GISS Analysis - CiteSeerX

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): analysis 2008 is the ninth warmest year in the period of instrumental measurements, which extends back to 1880. The ten warmest years all occur within the 12-year period 1997-2008. The two standard deviation (95 percent confidence) uncertainty in comparing recent years is estimated as 0.05°C [Reference 2], so we can ...

The Planet's Temperature is Rising | Union of Concerned ...

Over the past million years, shifts in orbital cycles influenced the amount of sunlight falling on the northern hemisphere and played a major role in the waxing and waning of ice ages. Whenever atmospheric carbon dioxide increased naturally (either as a direct cause or as an amplifier, see this study), global surface temperature increased further.

Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global ...

Sep 09, 2008· Following the suggestions of a recent National Research Council report [NRC (National Research Council) (2006) Surface Temperature Reconstructions for the Last 2,000 Years (Natl Acad Press, Washington, DC).], we reconstruct surface temperature at hemispheric and global scale for …

Stirring in the global surface ocean - Waugh - 2008 ...

[19] Global calculations of FTLEs show that stirring in the surface ocean is highly non‐uniform, and the characteristics vary with mesoscale activity. The PDFs of the FTLEs are broad, asymmetric, and have long high‐stretch tails, and vary between regions with different mean strain rates.

Why are climate models reproducing the observed global ...

the observed global ocean heat uptake, T =0.7 Cisthe observed global surface warming, F is the total forcing and S is the equilibrium climate sensitivity (see Kiehl [2007] for details). The correlation reduces the uncertainty band in temperature (Figures 1e and 1f, red band) by about 20% with the mean response virtually unchanged (response from

Temperature data (HadCRUT4, CRUTEM4) Climatic Research ...

Temperature. HadCRUT4 is a global temperature dataset, providing gridded temperature anomalies across the world as well as averages for the hemispheres and the globe as a whole. CRUTEM4 and HadSST3 are the land and ocean components of this overall dataset, respectively.

Oce ch 16 Flashcards | Quizlet

How much are global surface temperature expected to increase by the year 2100 if humans follow a "business-as-usual" scenario? 4 How much are global surface temperature expected to increase by the year 2100 if countries come together to use both technology and general environmental controls to decrease emissions?

(PDF) Global Surface Wave Tomography Using Seismic Hum

Global Surface Wave Tomography Using Seismic Hum. ... Nishida et al., 2008 Nishida ... the high-resolution data provided by the recent Magellan global topographic coverage of Venus' surface, and ...

Fast protein tertiary structure retrieval based on global ...

Here we introduce a global surface shape representation by three‐dimensional (3D) Zernike descriptors, which represent a protein structure compactly as a series expansion of 3D functions. With this simplified representation, the search speed against a few thousand structures takes less than a minute.

Why did Earth's surface temperature stop rising in the ...

Sep 01, 2018· The "pause" in global warming observed since 2000 followed a period of rapid acceleration in the late 20th century. Starting in the mid-1970s, global temperatures rose 0.5 °C over a period of 25 years. Since the turn of the century, however, the change in Earth's global mean surface temperature has been close to zero.

NASA - 2008 Was Earth's Coolest Year Since 2000

The ten warmest years on record have all occurred between 1997 and 2008. The GISS analysis found that the global average surface air temperature was 0.44°C (0.79°F) above the global mean for 1951 to 1980, the baseline period for the study. Most of the world was either near normal or warmer in 2008 …

2008 Global Temperature - earthobservatory.nasa.gov

Dec 01, 2008· Given the range of uncertainty in the measurements, the GISS team concluded that 2008 was somewhere between the seventh and the tenth warmest year on record. (The 10 warmest years have all occurred within the 12-year period from 1997-2008.) The map above shows global temperature anomalies in 2008 compared to the 1950-1980 baseline period.

GlobalSurfaceQualityEvaluationProcedure_Feb2008 ...

Global Surface Quality Evaluation Procedure Overview. 26th February, 2008 Global Surface Quality Evaluation Procedure Purpose To define the standardized process for performing and documenting surface evaluation of exposed sheet metal parts. Scope Applies to all GM Stamping and Assembly plants and external suppliers on; exposed metal parts, bodies in white and painted panel reviews

climate4you GlobalTemperatures

Maturity diagram showing net change since 17 May 2008 in the global monthly surface air temperature record prepared by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), USA. The net result of the adjustments made are becoming substantial, and adjustments since May 2006 occasionally exceeds 0.1 o C.

Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global ...

Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global surface temperature variations over the past two millennia Michael E. Mann*†, Zhihua Zhang*, Malcolm K. Hughes‡, Raymond S. Bradley§, Sonya K. Miller*, Scott Rutherford¶, and Fenbiao Ni‡ *Department of Meteorology and Earth and Environmental Systems Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802; ‡Laboratory of